Vajdahunyad Castle

An ancient castle in the city park, which is actually a little over 100 years old. What is Vajdahunyad really?

The famous Parade Avenue of Budapest ends with Heroes Square. Across the road from it begins a city park with a lake. A wonderful panorama of the fairy-tale castle of Vajdahunyad opens from a small bridge (Vajdahunyad vára).

The history of Vajdahunyad castle

In 1896, a popular festival in Budapest, Varoshliget, was held in honor of the millennium of the Hungarians in their homeland. On this occasion, the architect Ignaz Alpara created the “Historical Pavilion”. Made of wood, a temporary installation showed the evolution of Hungary’s architectural styles through the centuries.

The festival is over. Wooden structure dismantled. But the inhabitants of Budapest really liked the idea of ​​building a castle made of stone in the same place. A general decision approved the construction project. Work was done from 1904 to 1908 year. Upon completion, one of the most unusual architectural ensembles appeared in front of the Budapest in all its glory.

The stone castle is divided into 4 parts according to its architectural style: Gothic, Baroque, Renaissance and Romanesque. Within each section there is a further division. Total 21 facilities. Each is a replica of a significant structure for Hungary.

Parts of Vajdahunyad Castle

To get to the castle from the lake and the main entrance, you need to pass through a stone bridge. You will find yourself in front of the gate, as if descended from a medieval engraving.

Roman style

Walk past the statues of the two lions guards. Before you is the main tower (left), made in the Romanesque style. The prototype served as the bell tower of the Church of Zapolya (Zápolya Chapel of Spissky Stvrtok (Szepescsütörtök)), located in Spiški Štvrotok, Slovakia.

Inside, a Romanesque church will appear on the left in front of you. Its prototype was St. Basil. Jacob (Church of Ják)from which the architect Alpar copied the entrance. The original temple is dated 13 century. Above the entrance of the statue of Jesus Christ and his 12 apostles.

Gothick style

The rise of Gothic architecture dates back to the 13-15 century. This style has towers, narrow windows and stained glass windows. Of all the important Gothic-style buildings for the Hungarian people, Ignaz Alpara chose to use the design of the Romanian castle Corvin, aka Vajdahunyad (Castelul huniazilor or The Corvin Castle). It was in his honor that it was decided to name the whole complex.

Translated from the Romanian "Corvin" means "crow". The castle was the patrimonial nest of Janus (Janos) of Hunyada, the father of Matthew Corvinus (aka Matthias of Hunyad), called the first. Under Matthias I, Hungary reached the peak of power. In honor of him in Bodo is the snow-white church of St.. Matthias

Vajdahunyad Castle

Directly opposite the main entrance to the castle grounds, you will see a tower. This is the second tallest structure of the complex. The tower is named “Apostolic”. Its prototype was the clock tower of Sighisoara (Segesvár).

To get to the observation deck, you need to overcome the 150 steps. 600 HUF ticket price. Hours of operation are from 10 in the morning to 16 on weekdays (except Monday) and from 10 in the morning to 17 on weekends.

The part of the ensemble to the right of the entrance is partially due to its appearance. The building of the city assembly of Bardekhov (Town Hall of Bardejov (Bártfa)).

Some elements were inspired by the Peter and Paul Cathedral in the city of Pec (Cathedral of Pécs).

Renaissance

The heyday of the Renaissance fell on the 15-16 century, immediately after the Gothic. Roman architecture again entered the fashion: columns, arches, domes. The main motto was symmetry in everything. Alpar drew inspiration from the Slovak city of Levoča (Lőcse).

Baroque

Baroque style (with it. barocco translated bizarre, excessive) replaced the Renaissance and dominated 16, 17 and partially 18 centuries. Baroque - synonymous with pomp, wealth. He has a great attention to detail, pretentiousness.

The architect was inspired by the Hungarian Royal Palace of Godollo (Gödöllői Királyi Kastély), Karlovy Vorota Alba Yulia (Charles Gate of Alba Iulia (Gyulafehérvár)) and palaces of Austria.

How to get to Vajdahunyad Castle

Vajdahunyad Castle is located in Pest. The most interesting way is the MNNXX metro yellow line. From the center, take the train from the end station Vörösmarty tér or Deák Ferenc tér. You need to go to the Hősök tere stop. Walk past Heroes Square and continue across the bridge. Before you will appear in all the glory Vajdahunyad.

The second option is the 105 bus. It goes directly above the underground line M1. From the center, take the Vörösmarty tér or Deák Ferenc tér bus stop. You need to go to the Hősök tere stop. Walk past Heroes Square and continue across the bridge. How to get from Buda look at bkk.ru, there you can build a detailed route, like the one on my map.

Opening hours of Vajdahunyad castle and 2018 ticket prices

The castle has a museum of agriculture. You can take a ticket to inspect the interior. You can also climb the Apostolic Tower and the Tower of the Main Gate.

Museum hours and Apostolic Tower:

  • Tuesday - Friday from 10 am to 16 day
  • Saturday and Sunday from 10 in the morning to 17 day

Opening hours of the main gate tower:

  • Monday - Sunday from from morning 10 to day 17. You can raise it at the latest 15 minutes before closing.

The cost of tickets to the museum:

  • Adult - 1600 HUF
  • Students - 800 HUF (upon presentation of the document)
  • Children under 6 years are free.

Ticket prices for the towers:

  • Main Gate Tower - 400 HUF
  • Apostolic Tower - 600 HUF
  • Children under 6 years are free.

Combined museum + tower tickets:

  • Adult - 2100 HUF
  • Students - 1300 HUF (upon presentation of the document)
  • Children under 6 years are free.

Photographing paid. Resolution costs 10 000 HUF.

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